The University of Cambridge is rich in history - its famous Colleges and University buildings attract visitors from all over the world. But the University's museums and collections also hold many treasures which give an exciting insight into some of the scholarly activities, both past and present, of the University's academics and students.
The University of Cambridge is one of the world's oldest universities and leading academic centres, and a self-governed community of scholars. Its reputation for outstanding academic achievement is known world-wide and reflects the intellectual achievement of its students, as well as the world-class original research carried out by the staff of the University and the Colleges.
Many of the University's customs and unusual terminology can be traced to roots in the early years of the University's long history, and this booklet looks to the past to find the origins of much that is distinctive in the University of today.
As the oldest university in the English-speaking world, Oxford is a unique and historic institution. There is no clear date of foundation, but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris.
LSE was founded in 1895 and has grown to become one of the foremost social science universities in the world, ranked alongside Harvard, UC Berkeley and Stanford. A specialist university with an international intake, LSE's reach extends from its central London campus to around the world. The School has a cosmopolitan student body, with around 9,500 full time students from 140 countries. It has a staff of just over 3,000, with about 46 per cent drawn from countries outside the UK. Over 100 languages are spoken on LSE's campus. An influential network of over 160,000 LSE alumni spans the world, covering over 190 countries with more than 80 active alumni groups.
4. St Andrews
St Andrews is Scotland's first university and the third oldest in the English-speaking world, founded in 1413.
Over six centuries it has established a reputation as one of Europe's leading and most distinctive centres for teaching and research.
Durham University is distinctive - a residential Collegiate University with long traditions and modern values. It seeks the highest distinction in research and scholarship and are committed to excellence in all aspects of education and transmission of knowledge. Our research and scholarship affects every continent. We are proud to be an international scholarly community which reflects the ambitions of cultures from around the world. We promote individual participation, providing a rounded education in which students, staff and alumni gain both the academic and the personal skills required to flourish.
Imperial College London embodies and delivers world-class scholarship, education and research in science, engineering, medicine and business.
President of Imperial, Professor Alice Gast, leads the College in its strategy, including the development of its new 25 acre campus, Imperial West, and its links to government, industry, philanthropists and alumni. As Chief Executive of the College, the President is the principal academic and administrative officer and has a general responsibility to the Council.
The Provost, Professor James Stirling, reports directly to the President and is responsible for the delivery of the College's core mission: education, research and translation.
Three committees form the governance structure of Imperial. The Council is the governing and executive body of the College. The Court provides a public forum where the wider interests served by the College can be raised. The Senate is the academic authority of the College which works to direct and regulate the teaching work of the College.
The University of Warwick is globally connected, forward-looking and entrepreneurial. We create new ways of thinking and achieving: making us stand out from our competitors and the more ‘traditional universities’ and creating an inspiring place to study and undertake research.
Warwick is one of the UK’s great success stories. In less than fifty years since being founded we’ve become one of the UK’s best universities, consistently at the top of UK league tables and we’re rapidly climbing the international league tables of world class universities.
We’re a university that champions independent thinking and as well as being founded, first and foremost, on academic excellence, a key driver of the Warwick success story so far is our entrepreneurial spirit - a key strength is our relevance to society and our close links with business and industry. Companies tap into Warwick knowledge to develop their own strengths and ensure they remain at the cutting edge within their industries. And that cutting edge insight is developed out of truly world class research: Warwick ranks 7th overall in the UK according to the latest Research Assessment Exercise.
To understand how Warwick has come so far in such a short space of time is to understand the character of the University. The success of Warwick, underpinned by innovation, entrepreneurialism and academic excellence, is driven by the exceptional talent of our staff, students and alumni.
In 1885 the school was renamed the Merchant Venturers' Technical College and in 1929 the Bath School of Pharmacy became part of the college.
By 1960 the college had become the Bristol College of Science and Technology and, following the Robbins Report of 1963, which recommended immediate expansion of universities, began to look at gaining university status.
With the college rapidly expanding and no suitable site available in Bristol, a chance conversation between the college principal and the Director of Education in Bath led to an agreement to provide the college with a new home in Claverton Down, Bath.
The first building on campus was completed in 1965 (becoming the building now known as 4 South), just a year before the Royal Charter was granted.
UCL is made up of remarkable people: eminent professors and exceptional students; public engagement professionals and lab technicians, and all the other pieces of the puzzle that make up a leading university. UCL was established in 1826 to open up education in England for the first time to students of any race, class or religion. Academic excellence and conducting research that addresses real-world problems inform our ethos to this day and our plans for the future. Learn more about our 20-year strategy, UCL 2034.
The University traces its origins to schools and colleges established in the middle of the nineteenth century as a result of the energies and visions of individual educational reformers and philanthropists throughout Devon and Cornwall.A hundred years ago, a large part of the Streatham estate was owned by a millionaire family of former East India Company merchants. Pennsylvania was an exclusive suburb, where children were discouraged from walking in the streets, and even chased away if they failed to raise their hats to residents.
St Germans, now the site of many halls of residence, was a private estate of Victorian family villas guarded by a lodge entrance in St Germans Road. Streatham Farm, now at the heart of the main campus, really was a farm and in the 1820s served teas, junket and Devonshire cream to summer Sunday strollers. St Luke's and Camborne were completely separate establishments.
In North Exeter, the Great Exhibition of 1851 spawned local Schools of Art and Science, which in 1868 were housed in the Albert Memorial Museum. Enthusiasm for extra-mural studies grew and, with support from the University of Cambridge, the college became in 1893 the Exeter Technical and University Extension College.
In 1900 its official title was changed to the Royal Albert Memorial College. This in turn became the University College of the South West of England in 1922 and, finally, in 1955, to great rejoicing amongst its students, the College received its Charter as the University of Exeter. Her Majesty the Queen was welcomed to the campus in the following year.
The University gradually transferred from its city centre sites to the sparsely developed Streatham estate over a period of fifty years, as land and buildings became available – and the funds to buy them!