By Sikander Hayat
The areas comprising the state of Pakistan have a rich history and are steeped in the traditions of martial kind. Tribes which are the foundation stone of Pakistan come from all ethnic groups of Pakistan either they be Sindhi, Balochi, Pathan or Punjabi. One of these men of war & honour were Mir Chakar Khan Rind. He is probably the most famous leader coming out of Baloch ethnic group of Pakistan.
Mir Chakar Khan Rind or Chakar-i-Azam (1468 – 1565 ) was a Baloch king and ruler of Satghara in (Southern Pakistani Punjab) in the 15th century. He is considered a folk hero of the Baloch people and an important figure in the Baloch epic Hani and Sheh Mureed.
Mir Chakar lived in Sibi in the hills of Balochistan and became the head of Rind tribe at the age of 18 after the death of his father Mir Shahak Khan. Mir Chakar's kingdom was short lived because of a civil war between the Lashari and Rind tribes of Balochistan. Mir Chakar and Mir Gwaharam Khan Lashari, head of the Lashari tribe, went to war that resulted in thousands dead, including Mir Chakar's brother. For Balochis the sixteenth century was a very eventful period. They fought series of wars amongst themselves. These tribal conflicts not only caused large scale blood shed but also resulted in mass migrations to Punjab and Sindh. The war and the gallantry of the two tribe leaders continues to be a part of the Baloch peoples' history. After the "Thirty Years' War" against the Lashari Tribe, Mir Chakar left Balochistan and settled in the Punjab ( In modern day Pakistan) in 1518.
Mir Chakar Settled in Satghara ( a small town near the present day Okara District in Punjab Province of Pakistan) and gained power and respect in the area. He ruled this territory until he died in 1565. Afghan King Sher Shah Suri approached Mir Chakar to unite with him to consolidate his gains. Mir Chakar appreciated the offer but refused to help Sher Shah Suri and managed to elude Afghan armies. Under the command of his son, Mir Shahdad Khan, his forces instead joined the Mughal army of Emperor Humayun in 1555. Humayun was returning to the Indian Subcontinent after a long exile in Persia. Emperor Humayun came back, recaptured Delhi, and ousted the Suri dynasty in 1556. People who accompanied Mir Chakar to Satghara after leaving Balochistan constructed a tomb for his body.
The tomb was desecrated and its roof demolished by Maharaja Ranjit Singh who on his way to Multan had stayed in Satghara about 180 years ago.
Mir Chakar's tribe still live in southern Punjab to this day and speak the Seraiki language, they still exert considerable influence in the daily affairs of the district.
With thanks to wikipedia.
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